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Androgenetic alopecia is a genetically determined, patterned, and the most common type of progressive hair loss that occurs in both men and women. It is also known as pattern baldness or just common baldness.
Androgenetic alopecia is caused by a combination of genetic and hormonal factors. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the main hormone responsible for androgenetic alopecia in genetically susceptible individuals.
DHT causes scalp hair loss by inducing a change in the hair follicles on the scalp. The hairs produced by the affected follicles become progressively smaller in diameter, shorter in length and lighter in color until eventually, the follicles shrink completely and stop producing hair.
Males typically become aware of scalp hair loss or a receding hairline, beginning at any time after puberty. In women, the age of onset is later compared to men. Occasionally, androgenetic alopecia in women may start earlier than this, in the 30s or 40s. In some women, this condition can be associated with an excess of male hormones such as in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Acne, increased facial hair, irregular periods and infertility are all signs of PCOS.
Yes. It is believed that genetic susceptibility to this condition can be inherited from either or both parents
Androgenetic alopecia looks different in males and females. Hairs in the affected areas are initially smaller in diameter and shorter compared to hairs in unaffected areas before they become absent.
Androgenetic alopecia looks different in males and females. Hairs in the affected areas are initially smaller in diameter, and shorter compared to hairs in unaffected areas before they become absent. In men, the usual pattern of hair loss is a receding hairline, and loss of hair from the top and the front of the head. In women, hair loss or thinning typically occurs at the crown of the scalp, with the widening of partition and complete or nearly complete preservation of the frontal hairline.
The diagnosis is usually based on history, the pattern of hair loss and family history of a similar pattern of hair loss. The skin on the scalp looks normal on examination. Occasionally blood tests may be carried out.
Licensed topical and oral treatments: Applying minoxidil solution to the scalp may help to slow down the progression and restore hair in the majority of males and females. For men, finasteride tablets reduce levels of dihydrotestosterone which may slow hair loss and helps the regrowth of hair. Platelet-rich plasma and low light therapy are also available at EUDERMIZ.
Surgical treatments: Hair transplantation, which is a procedure whereby hair follicles are taken from the back of the scalp and transplanted onto the bald areas.
Androgenetic alopecia is caused by a combination of genetic and hormonal factors. It occurs when hair follicles on the scalp are sensitive to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone derived from testosterone. Over time, exposure to DHT can cause the hair follicles to shrink, leading to shorter and finer hair until the follicle stops producing hair altogether.
The primary symptom of androgenetic alopecia is hair loss on the scalp. In men, this typically starts with a receding hairline and thinning at the crown, while in women, it often results in overall thinning throughout the scalp.
Androgenetic alopecia cannot be prevented since it is largely determined by genetics. However, early intervention with hair loss treatments can help slow or stop the progression of hair loss.
While there is no cure for androgenetic alopecia, hair loss can often be slowed or stopped with treatment. In some cases, treatment can even promote hair regrowth. It's important to seek treatment as early as possible to maximize the effectiveness of interventions.
While there are no natural remedies that have been scientifically proven to treat androgenetic alopecia, some people may find that certain supplements or topical treatments, such as saw palmetto or essential oils, help promote hair growth. It's important to speak with a healthcare provider before trying any natural remedies, as they may interact with other medications or have side effects.