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Understanding Melasma Causes & Treatments

Face discoloration or brown patches on the skin that doesn’t go away despite the many creams you use can be symptoms of melasma. Melasma is a skin condition where brown or grey discoloration occurs due to an overactive pigment-producing cell known as melanocytes, which is mainly experienced by women. It is also known as the “mask of pregnancy” or chloasma.

What is Melasma

Face discoloration or brown patches on the skin that doesn’t go away despite the many creams you use can be symptoms of melasma. Melasma is a skin condition where brown or grey discoloration occurs due to an overactive pigment-producing cell known as melanocytes, which is mainly experienced by women. It is also known as the “mask of pregnancy” or chloasma.

Symptoms of Melasma

One of the most common symptoms of melasma are patches of discoloration. They are generally darker than your usual skin color and mainly occurs on the face. Exposure to the sun can lead to melasma. If you notice brownish-colored patches on cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, and chin. It can also occur on the neck ad forearms. Although it doesn’t do any physical harm, it can make you self-conscious about the way you look and reduce your confidence. Clinics like Eudermiz can help treat the condition and ensure you feel like your own self again

How Is Melasma Treated?

Although treating melasma is not easy, but experienced and skilled dermatologists, like Dr. A. Sai Sandeepthi, can ensure you get rid of the condition entirely with the help of medications a proper skin-care regime, topical treatment, and more.

Causes And Risk Factors Of Melasma

Although there is no exact reason why one catches melasma, but it is believed that dark-skinned individuals are more prone to this condition. It can also be triggered by birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy. Stress and thyroid have also been associated with the condition. Finally, too much exposure to the sun can also put you at risk.

How Is The Condition Diagnosed?

The doctor will take a look at the affected area, and with customized tests, it can be diagnosed. However, it is essential to visit clinics, such as Eudermiz, where a dermatologist is there to help you out and not beauty salons as it can further aggravate the condition. Your doctor will also check for any bacterial or fungal infections and inspect the number of layers affected by the disease. If they suspect it to be a severe case of melasma, a skin biopsy might also be conducted where a tiny part of the skin is removed for testing.

Is Melasma Treatable?

This is one of the common concerns of people suffering from the condition. For some women, melasma disappears on its own over time if the reason for the state is birth control pills or pregnancy. However, if that’s not the case, Dr. A. Sai Sandeepthi of Eudermiz will prescribe the necessary topical creams and medications to help you get rid of the condition. Treatments such as microdermabrasion are also used as it helps peel away the infected layers and helps lighten the skin. It is a treatable condition when you visit the right dermatologist. If you think you are suffering from the symptoms of the conditions, don’t delay or try self-medication. Visit a doctor today.

Finally, to prevent melasma, it is important that you protect your skin from the sun. Hence, always use a sun-screen before stepping out, no matter the weather.


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